Provost and Chief Academic Officer Subject: UMUC identifies academic integrity as the commitment to certain core values:
Academic dishonesty can occur in all types of educational settings and is viewed very negatively in our society, giving rise to the system of policies, procedures and student honor codes that most U. The assumption that the face-to-face classroom is the best foundation for faculty to control academic honesty is deeply entrenched in our higher education culture.
Forms of Academic Dishonesty Often Associated with Online Learning While academic dishonesty can take many forms and there are obvious overlaps among categories, the three concerns expressed most often with respect to online learning are plagiarism, cheating and identity misrepresentation.
Is online learning creating new opportunities for plagiarism? Interestingly, recent studies suggest that the internet itself has not necessarily contributed unduly to the problem, however. Stated differently, it appears from the research that those who are inclined to plagiarize will do so by whatever means are available and those who are not inclined to plagiarize are not likely to be tempted into academic dishonesty by the mere existence of the internet.
How do we prevent online students from getting unauthorized help on a quiz or test? As is the case for plagiarism, the increasing use of internet-enabled electronic devices and web-based assessments in the classroom has muddied the distinction between online and face-to-face courses with respect to cheating.
One plausible explanation for these mixed findings may be variation in the design of the assessments studied. It is much easier to cheat on a web-based multiple choice exam than it is to cheat on a web-based essay exam, for example.
A recent study by Watson and Sottile seems to bear this out. The authors surveyed undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized, mid-Atlantic university about the level and type of cheating occurring in online courses versus face-to-face courses.
The data showed higher rates of cheating were occurring in face-to-face courses and that students were most likely to obtain answers from other during web-based test or quiz, regardless of course delivery format. How do we know that the student who registers for the course and receives the credit actually does the work?
Identity misrepresentation can range from hiring someone to write a paper or taking a test to hiring someone to complete an entire academic degree program. No one checks photo IDs when face-to-face students enter a classroom to assure the same student who registered for the course is attending the classes and taking the assessments.
Academic dishonesty is certainly a concern in higher education, but the underlying issues leading to such dishonesty appear to be less about instructional delivery method and more about the ease with which students can find ways to circumvent academic work.
Higher education needs to identify strategies and best practices that can be applied in both online and face-to-face settings, as well as in whatever new instructional context the digital age may bring. This is the first installment in a three-part series by Bishop and Cini exploring academic dishonesty in the online setting and discussing strategies to overcome these challenges.
In the next installment, Bishop and Cini will share some strategies to support academic honesty in the digital age. The honest truth about dishonesty.
Verifying the identity of online users. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5 2. Retrieved October 22, from http: Academic honesty in traditional and online classrooms: Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 12 Plagiarism and college culture.
Perspectives on plagiarism and intellectual property in a postmodern world. Where it happens, why students do it and how to stop it. Huffington Post February 20, A handbook for deterring plagiarism in higher education 2nd ed.
Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development. Changing attitudes in learning and assessment: Innovations in Education and Teaching International 52 5 Educational approaches for discouraging plagiarism.
Seminars and Original Investigations, 29 1 Academic honesty and online courses. College Student Journal, 40 1 Academic integrity and distance learning.
Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 17 2 Learning from academic dishonesty. Prevalence, influencing factors, and proposed action. Journal of Academic Ethics, 11 3 Levels of cheating and plagiarism remain high.Helping Students Successfully Transfer in the State of Illinois The iTransfer website and the Illinois Articulation Initiative (IAI) transferable General Education Package (GECC) assists students with planning ahead for a successful transfer of higher education coursework within Illinois.
§ Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, High School, Beginning with School Year Online homework and grading tools for instructors and students that reinforce student learning through practice and instant feedback.
Academic dishonesty negatively affects students, employers, and educational institutions. A review of the literature indicates the problem is widespread and requires attention. Feb 12, · Academic dishonesty, like any other kind of dishonesty, can take many forms.
Online homework and grading tools for instructors and students that reinforce student learning through practice and instant feedback. Academic dishonesty and the Internet Ross, Kenneth A. Viewpoint Kenneth A. Ross Academic Dishonesty and the Internet The Internet provides new opportunities for cheating on computer science class projects. t should come as no surprise to learn that dishonest students sometimes submit work that is not their own, either. Communicating clearly on the Internet without creating misunderstandings is a challenge. One problem is that you haven't any facial expressions, body language, or environment to help you express yourself;.
A very widely practice form of dishonesty is established researchers taking credit for the work of their PhD candidates.
The motivations are easily understood. Congratulations Stallion Families All FOUR of our schools were graded "A" by the State of Florida.