The dialogue begins with Meno asking Socrates whether virtue can be taught, and this question along with the more fundamental question of what virtue is occupies the two men for the entirety of the text.
The Phaedo and Republic are traditionally middle dialogues. The Meno is traditionally a transitional dialogue. It shares features of the both the early and the middle dialogues. The character Socrates still leads the conversations in the transitional and middle dialogues, but he no longer is primarily a counterpuncher who asks leading questions about virtue and related matters, without advancing views of his own, as he does so often in the early dialogues.
In the middle dialogues, Socrates introduces four theories: Further, it should not be assumed automatically that Plato himself thinks that these theories are true. Plato does not appear as a character in his dialogues. So it is difficult to know what he believes with respect to these theories.
It seems natural, though, to think that Plato has the character Socrates introduce them as possible solutions to problems he himself has uncovered in thinking about the historical Socrates.
These solutions, however, go beyond anything we have reason to think that the historical Socrates said or thought. Further, these solutions understand Socrates in some unexpected ways given the portrayal of the character in the early dialogues.
Or if neither by practice nor by learning, whether it comes to mankind by nature or in some other way?
Whereas Euthyphro makes an assertion about a subject that is not easy to know about, Meno asks a question that is difficult to answer. He asks Socrates how human beings acquire virtue. Socrates jokes that Meno must be from a place where wisdom abounds because in Athens where the conversation takes place no one knows what virtue is, let alone how it is acquired.
He says that he too shares in this lack of wisdom and that he has never come across anyone who knows what virtue is. Meno is surprised that Socrates did not learn what virtue is from Gorgias when he visited Athens. Socrates says that maybe Gorgias did know, but that since he is not present, Meno should say what virtue is so that Socrates will meet with the good fortune of no longer having to say that he has never come across anyone who knows what virtue is.
Meno tries to enlighten Socrates, but unlike interlocutors in previous dialogues devoted to a search for a definition, Meno has considerable trouble providing an answer of the right form to the "What is virtue?
Further, Meno eventually argues that the question is unanswerable. To disarm this argumentSocrates introduces what has come to be known as the Theory of Recollection. Socrates advances this episode of questioning and answering as an instance of the more general phenomenon of "recollection," and he takes it to show that the "What is virtue?
Shall we say there is such a thing, or not? We shall say that there is most decidedly Socrates. And do we know what it is? Whence did we come upon the knowledge of it? That is perfectly true Phaedo 74a-c. That follows necessarily from what we have said before, Socrates.
And we saw and heard and had the other senses as soon as we were born? But, we say, we must have acquired a knowledge of equality before we had these senses? Then it appears that we must have acquired it before we were born.
Now if we had acquired that knowledge before we were born, and were born with it, we knew before we were born and at the moment of birth not only the equal and the greater and the less, but all thing such as these?
That is true, Socrates" Phaedo 75b-d.
The epistemological thesis is a form of what is sometimes called "rationalism. This knowledge cannot be eliminated in eliminating inconsistency. It is a structural feature of the human soul. The ontological thesis is about the existence of the soul and its relation to the body. According to the thesis, the soul is a persistent object whose existence is not contingent on the body.
The soul exists before entering a body and will continue to exist after leaving the body.questions on the meno 7OAl-4 In light of the background of Meno and what he knows of Socrates, (79e a 3) and the conditions of his presence in Athens (76e) . The Theory of Recollection in the Meno and the Phaedo.
The middle Platonic dialogues mark a new phase in Plato's attempt to understand Socrates.
(The Phaedo and Republic are traditionally middle dialogues. The Meno is traditionally a transitional dialogue. It shares features of the both the early and the middle dialogues.).
Study Questions for Plato’s Meno. 1 Meno asks,” Can virtue be taught?” Socrates steers the conversation to a question he thinks must be answered first: “What is virtue?” Meno answers confidently at 71e. What reason does Socrates give for rejecting this first definition?
(72ac) 2 Meno tries again at 73d. What is his definition there, and what reasons does Socrates give for. Essay Plato Meno In Plato"s dialogue Socrates discusses ways in which virtue can be acquired with Meno. Three possibilities are confronted, first that virtue is innate within the human soul.
The second suggests that virtue can be taught, and the third possibility is that virtue is a gift from the gods.
Essay/Term paper: Plato's meno Essay. Plato, Meno: Meno's Paradox Posted by beckyclay | November 8, Socrates’ method of inquiry is a problem that arises when trying to acquire knowledge about whether a given action is virtuous, without having the knowledge of what the definition of virtue is.
Platos Meno Essay; Platos Meno Essay. Words 4 Pages. Show More. Quotes from Politics and the Republic are used to support the author’s thesis. Essay on Justice in Platos Republic.
today’s society. Society as a whole has a common set of virtues that many people agree on. In today’s society, these are known as laws.