Chapter 3 Standards for Student Performance. As the name implies, standards-based reform places standards at the heart of the system. The goal is to focus the attention of everyone in the system on what students are expected to learn—the results schooling is expected to achieve—rather than on the resources or effort put into the system. Moreover, standards-based systems are intended to set common learning expectations for all students, regardless of background or where they happen to attend school.
Chapter 3 Standards for Student Performance. As the name implies, standards-based reform places standards at the heart of the system. The goal is to focus the attention of everyone in the system on what students are expected to learn—the results schooling is expected to achieve—rather than on the resources or effort put into the system.
Moreover, standards-based systems are intended to set common learning expectations for all students, regardless of background or where they happen to attend school. For these reasons, standards-based reform represents a substantial shift from the practice that has prevailed in American education, and particularly the experience in Title I.
For much of its existence, the emphasis in Title I was on compliance with rules and procedures, rather than student learning. The program was typically regarded as an add-on to the regular instructional program, and students were often pulled out of their regular classrooms for Title I instruction.
This occurred in large part so that administrators could ensure that the resources reached the intended beneficiaries. To be sure, the program, particularly after the reauthorization, required schools to demonstrate improvements in student learning.
But schools merely had to show that students achieved more than they did before, not that they reached designated levels of academic performance. And, as some commentators noted, students who registered large gains ended up ineligible for the program, thus providing a perverse incentive for schools not to increase student achievement.
A standards-based system, by contrast, is aimed not at comparing the performance of poor children with that of other poor children, but at setting a target for all children—poor as well as affluent—and determining whether they are on the way toward reaching it.
The emphasis in the standards movement on all students is also a departure from past practice.
As a number of studies have shown, the curriculum, instructional practice, and, above all, the expectations for student achievement differ Page 24 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Testing, Teaching, and Learning: A Guide for States and School Districts. The National Academies Press.
Simply put, the standards are higher in schools with more affluent students. Standards are intended to change that practice by setting out a body of knowledge and skills that are essential for all students to learn and expecting all students to learn it.
The explicit intention of the reformers was to set challenging standards for all students. Content Standards Findings Research on standards and standards-based systems specifies two types of standards: Both are required by the Title I statute.
Content standards spell out what students should know and be able to do in core subjects. They indicate, for example, the topics and skills that should be taught at various grade levels or grade spans.My long-range personal goals revolve on three vital things: academics, professional and financial matters.
Academic goals focus on my desire to graduate from college and to pursue further education. In fact, I am the first one in the family who is going to obtain a diploma.
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An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense intuitive linear view. So we won't experience years of progress in the 21st century -- it will be more like 20, years of progress (at today's rate).
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Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Setting goals require making small steps to obtain the long-range goal. Monitoring the short-term goals is one way to achieve the long-term goal.