These Tengwar orthographies are usually called modes.
All of them use as a basis the " theoretical values " table above, corresponding the letters to the phonemes of each language's phonology, and even drop out the characters that would be useless.
All the modes can be divided into two large categories: Even closer to the Tengwar is the Valmaric scriptdescribed in Parma Eldalamberon 14, which Tolkien used from about to It features many Tengwar shapes and the inherent vowel [a] found in some Tengwar varieties. The tables in the samples V12 and V13 show an arrangement that is very similar to the one of the primary Tengwar in the classical Quenya "mode".
The Tengwar were probably developed in the late s or in the early s. A correspondence between shape features and sound features is also found in the Korean Hangul alphabet.
It is not known whether Tolkien was aware of these previous scripts. However, considering the sarati and the valmaric script that he already invented in his youth, it is conceivable that Tolkien developed the idea of a general correspondence between shape features and sound features by himself.
It is likewise not known whether the shapes of several Tengwar were inspired by the insular minuscule script used to write Anglo-saxon or the gothic textura and cursive scripts used to write Middle Englishwith which Tolkien was familiar through reading medieval manuscripts in these languages in his professional capacity as a linguist.
There are modes to write French, Swedish, Latin or Spanish. A drawback of the font solution is that, if no corresponding Tengwar font is installed, an awful string of nonsense characters appears.
Since there is not enough place for all the signs, certain signs are included in a "Tengwar A" font which also maps its characters on ISOoverlapping with the first font. For each Tengwar diacritic there are four different codepoints that are used depending on the width of the character which bears it.
The following sample shows the first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights written in English according to the traditional English orthography. If no Tengwar font is installed, it will look nonsense since the corresponding ISO characters Roman letters, numbers and signs will appear instead.
The following Unicode sample which repeats the one above is meaningful when viewed under a typeface supporting Tengwar glyphs in the area defined in the ConScript Tengwar proposal. Tengwar also appears in the computer game Atlantis: The Lost Tales and the Alone in the Dark comic book.
Several linguists, such as Eric S. Raymondpromote the usage of Tengwar for the constructed language Lojban as it is culturally neutral and contains some main Lojban morphology rules, making Lojban easier to learn when it is written with Tengwar.Tengwar Translator Tengwar was a writing system used to write the angelic toungue Valarin and the Elven tongues Quenya and Telerin.
Later great number of middle earth languages were written using the tengwar, including Sindarin. The Rune Generator: This little tool allows you to create your own runes. Simply enter the text (e.g. your name) you want to write in runes and choose the font.
Tengwar is written is a number of different ways known as "modes". For example there is a Quenya mode, a Sindarin mode and even an English mode.
The phonetic values of the consonants (tengwa) and the ways vowels are indicated varies from mode to mode. Select Mode. View Wiki Markup — About — About. Introduction J.R.R.
Tolkien. Tengwar is a writing system created by J.R.R. Tolkien to write some of the Elvish languages of Middle Earth, such as Quenya, the ancient speech of the Noldor Elves, and Sindarin, the language derived from Quenya spoken by the Grey Elves. Introduction J.R.R.
Tolkien. Tengwar is a writing system created by J.R.R. Tolkien to write some of the Elvish languages of Middle Earth, such as Quenya, the ancient speech of the Noldor Elves, and Sindarin, the language derived from Quenya spoken by the Grey Elves.